VAN ALLEN BELTWhat is the name of the mass of charged particles held in place by Earth's magnetic field?
GREGOR MENDELWhat monk discovered the laws of heredity?
What is the science of tree ring dating called?
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The science of heredity Genetics

The science of sound Acoustics

The science of light Optics

The science of heat and energy transfer Thermodynamics

The science of agriculture Agronomy

The science of projectiles Ballistics

The science of crime prevention and punishment Penology

The science of tree ring dating Dendrochronology

Ancient science of changing metal into other metals Alchemy

The study of rocks Petrology

The study of man Anthropology

The study of fossils Paleontology

The study of the past Archaeology

Ionic or covalent bonds join these Atoms

Negatively charged atomic particle Electron

Center of an atom Nucleus

Positively charged particle in the nucleus Proton

Neutral particle in an atom’s nucleus Neutron

General term for subatomic particles Quarks

Particle or packet of light Photon

Electron is this type of particle Lepton

Quark that holds nucleus of an atom together Gluon

The act of splitting atoms Fission

The act of joining atoms together Fusion

The three states of matter Solid, liquid, gas

The fourth state of matter Plasma

Term for time it takes radioactivity to decrease by 50% Half life

Least amount of material needed for a nuclear reaction Critical mass

Scientific name for laughing gas Nitrous oxide

LOX Liquid oxygen

Bitter almond smelling gas (Hydrogen) cyanide

NH3 Ammonia

CO Carbon monoxide

CO2 Carbon dioxide

CH4 Methane

H2SO4 Sulfuric acid

HCl, found in the human stomach Hydrochloric acid


Tri-atomic oxygen Ozone (O3)

Solid carbon dioxide Dry ice

Force applied to a body to maintain a circular orbit Centripetal force

Equal and opposite force of centripetal force Centrifugal force

The four forces of nature Electromagnetic force

Weak nuclear force

Strong nuclear force


Theory seeking to unite the four forces of nature Unified field theory

Acid made from oak bark Tannic acid

Acidic level “factor” ph factor

It turns red in acid and blue in alkaline Litmus paper

Citric acid “cycle” Krebs cycle

-273.16° Centigrade, -459.69° Fahrenheit Absolute zero

Fahrenheit heat unit BTU

Celsius heat unit Calorie

Broadest measure of living things Kingdom

Poikilothermic animal Cold blooded

Mutually beneficial relationship between two animals Symbiosis

What oviparous animals do Lay eggs

Organisms that combine algae and fungi Lichens

Amoeba-like single celled organisms Protozoans

Fossilized resin from prehistoric pines Amber

The period between ice ages Interglacial

Hygrometer measures this (Relative) humidity

Wind velocity scale Beaufort Scale

Term for wind speed above 74 miles per hour Hurricane

Atmospheric layer 7 to 30 miles up Stratosphere

Clouds formed by convection Cumulus

Rainy thunder head cloud type Cumulo-nimbus

Clouds composed of ice crystals Cirrus

Low-lying clouds Stratus

Fast tropospheric winds Jet stream

Lakes at high altitude Seamount

Term for water circling around a drain Coriolis effect

The first plastic developed Celluloid

3-D imaging process Holography

Term for a mineral that glows under an ultra-violet light Fluorescence

Wavelength just longer than visible light Infrared

Wavelength just shorter than visible light Ultraviolet

Wavelength just shorter than ultraviolet X-rays (Röntgen radiation)

Wavelength just shorter than X-rays Gamma Rays

Term for the “skin” on surface of water Surface tension

Geologic epoch when man developed Pleistocene

Effecr of Solar wind colliding with Earth’s magnetic field Northern and southern lights

Scientific name for northern lights Aurora Borealis

Scientific name for southern lights Aurora Australis

Lowest ignition point of a vapor Flash point

Hydrogen isotope with atomic weight of two Deuterium

Hydrogen isotope with atomic weight of three Tritium

Materials made from two or more metals Alloys

Copper and zinc alloy Brass

Copper and tin alloy Bronze

Copper and silver alloy terling silver

Silver and tin alloy Pewter


Father of atom bomb (Manhattan Project) Robert Oppenheimer

Father of American hydrogen bomb Edward Teller

Father of nuclear submarine Hyman Rickover (American)

English father of modern chemistry Robert Boyle

French father of modern chemistry Antoine Lavoisier (French)

Father of Soviet hydrogen bomb Andrei Sakharov (Russian)

Father of rocketry Robert Goddard (American)

Saturn Five rocket developer Werner von Braun (German-American)

Astronomer with metal nose Tycho Brahe (Danish)

Second English Astronomer Royal Sir Edmund Halley

He proposed heliocentric solar system Copernicus (Polish)

He proved yellow fever was caused by mosquitos Walter Reed (American)

Monk who discovered the principles of genetics Gregor Mendel (Russian)

He developed theory of conditioned reflex Ivan Pavlov (Russian)

He discovered the laws of electricial resistance Georg Ohm (German)

He discovered electromagnetic waves Heinrich Hertz (German)

He discovered the structure of the atom Neils Bohr (Danish)

He established the Periodic Table of Elements Dimitri Mendeleyev (Russian)

He discovered the properties of hydrogen Henry Cavendish (English)

Scientist who discovered sodium and potassium Sir Humphry Davy (English)

Physicist who discovered radioactive elements Enrico Fermi (Italian)

Scientist of optics and geometry René Descartes (French)

He established quantum theory of radiation Max Planck (German)

He first learned of fermentation Louis Pasteur (French)

He proposed theory of expanding universe Edwin Hubble (American)


Lightest element Hydrogen (H)

Second-lightest element Helium (He)

Heaviest non-man made element Uranium (U)

Earth’s most abundant element Oxygen (O)

Earth’s second-most abundant element Silicon (Si)

Atmosphere’s most abundant element Nitrogen (N)

Lightest metal Lithium (Li)

Second-lightest metal Potassium (K)

Lightest common metal Magnesium (Mg)

Earth’s most abundant metal Aluminum (Al)

Blue metal Cobalt (Co)

Light metal used in fighter aircraft Titanium (Ti)

Metal which is liquid at room temperature Mercury (Hg)

Filament metal with highest melting temperature Tungsten (W)

Element found in seaweed Iodine (I)

Nevada state metal, best electrical conductor Silver (Ag)

Most malleable and ductile metal Gold (Au)

Graphite element Carbon (C)

Element banned from aerosol Freon (Fr)

Element found in bones Calcium (Ca)

Element used in fluorescent lights Neon (Ne)

Element used to galvanize steel Zinc (Zn)

Element used in car batteries Lead (Pb)

Elements used in rechargeable batteries Nickel (Ni), Cadmium (Cd)

“Color” element Chromium (Cr)

Last element in alphabetical order Zirconium (Zr)

Superman’s home planet Krypton (Kr)

Other Common Elements and Symbols:

Am Americium (named for America)

Ar Argon

As Arsenic

B Boron

Bi Bismuth

Cl Chlorine

Cm Curium (named for Marie and Pierre Curie)

Es Einsteinium (named for Albert Einstein)

F Fluorine

Fe Iron

Fm Fermium (named after Enrico Fermi)

Fr Francium

Ga Gallium

Ge Germanium (used in transistors)

Ho Holmium (named for Stockholm)

Mn Manganese

Na Sodium (part of the NaCl in salt)

No Nobelium (named for Alfred Nobel)

P Phosphorus

Po Polonium (named for Poland)

Pt Platinum

Pu Plutonium

Ra Radium

Rn Radon

S Sulfur (found in gunpowder)

Sb Antimony

Se Selenium

Xe Xenon