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Vestal VirginsIn ancient Rome, who were the women consecrated to Vesta, and shared the charge of maintaining the sacred fire burning in Vesta's altar?
sparticusWho led a major slave uprising against the Roman Empire in 71 b.c.?
What Roman emperor had a wall build across southern Scotland?
VesuviusWhat volcano erupted in 79 A.D., burying the cities of Pompeii and Hurculaneum?
What Roman landmark is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater?
CICEROWhat Roman orator, lawyer, politician, and philosopher was murdered in the year 43 B.C.?
CENTURIANWhat was the name of a Roman army officer who led 100 men?

Roman Empire

Roman Empire


First triumvirate of Rome: Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey
Julius Caesar: Assassinated in 44 B.C. only a month after being declared dictator for life.
Anthony and Cleopatra: Defeated by Augustus in 31 B.C. at the Battle of Actium
Augustus Caesar: (Octavian) 27 B.C.-14 A.D.
Tiberius: 14-37 A.D. (Augustus’ stepson)
Caligula: 37-41 (rumor says he made his horse a member of government)
Claudius: 41-54 (stammering emperor)
Nero: 54-68 (Claudius’ adopted son)
Trajan: 98-117 (column designer)
Hadrian: 117-138 (built namesake wall in Scotland and the Pantheon)
Constantine: 306-337 (built new capital at Constantinople)

Ancient Roman Points of Interest:

Pantheon: Temple built by Hadrian
Temple of Jupiter
Circus Maximus: Used for chariot races
Colosseum, a.k.a. Flavian Amphitheater

Other Facts:

River that Caesar crossed Rubicon

Caesar’s message to Rome “Veni, Vidi, Vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered)

64 AD event Fire in Rome (Nero did not fiddle)

79 AD event Mt.Vesuvius eruption

Roman priestesses Vestal Virgins

Roman imperial guards Praetorian Guards

Praetorian Guard leader Prefect

Roman tax collector Publican

Noble class of Rome Patrician

Roman commoner Plebeian

A Roman army Legion

Roman army leader of 100 men Centurian

Nero’s mother Agrippina

Author of Aeneid Virgil

Orator, statesman and philosopher Cicero

Roman odist Horace

Roman comic playwright Plautus

Rebel slave leader Spartacus

Judean Military governor, 37-4 B.C Herod (the Great)

Judean Military governor, 26-36 A.D Pontius Pilot

Roman governor of Egypt Mohammed Ali

Roman naturalist, wrote of Mt. Vesuvius eruption Pliny the Elder

Roman astronomer Ptolemy

Roman inner courtyard Atrium

Roman public gathering Forum

Roman ruling body Senate

Roman road Appian Way

Rome-Carthage wars Punic Wars

Roman peace Pax Romana

Cities Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum

Wall in Scotland Hadrian’s Wall

Color of trim on Roman togas Purple

Legendary founders of Rome, 753 B.C. Romulus and Remus

Roman name for:

France Gaul

Ireland Hibernia

Wales Cambria

Scotland Caledonia

The first two Caesars formulated our twelve-month, 365-day calendar (Julian calendar). They added months of July (Julius) and August (Augustus). That is why September, which means seventh month, is actually the ninth month, October the tenth month and so on.