US_HistoryGST


Colonial History

  • First permanent settlement, 1565St. Augustine
  • First English colony, 1588Roanoke Island
  • Virginia colony, 1607Jamestown
  • Massachusetts colony, 1620Plymouth
  • First Pilgrim at Plymouth RockJohn Alden
  • First governor of Plymouth, died during first winterJohn Carver
  • Plymouth governor elected 30 timesWilliam Bradford
  • Pilgrim known as “Little Shrimp” Miles Standish
  • First legislature in Virginia, 1619House of Burgesses
  • Dutch settlement, 1624New Netherlands
  • New York City’s original nameNew Amsterdam
  • Boston to New York road established in 1672Boston Post Road
  • Virginia rebellion, 1676Bacon’s Rebellion
  • Colonial capital of VirginiaWilliamsburg
  • Virginia namesakeQueen Elizabeth I (The Virgin Queen)
  • He claimed Virginia for EnglandSir Walter Raleigh
  • He purchased Manhattan from the IndiansPeter Minuit
  • Providence and Rhode Island founderRoger Williams
  • Dutch governor of New NetherlandsPeter Stuyvesant
  • Maryland founderCecil Calvert (second Lord Baltimore)
  • Georgia founderJames Oglethorpe
  • Fort Orange locationAlbany
  • Philadelphia founderWilliam Penn
  • Colonial silversmith and engraverPaul Revere
  • Puritan husband of Maria CottonIncrease Mather
  • Increase Mather’s sonCotton Mather
  • He married PocahontasJohn Rolfe
  • Pocahontas’ fatherPowhatan
  • Man Pocahontas savedJohn Smith
  • Detroit founderAntoine Cadillac
  • Boston Tea Party organizerSamuel Adams
  • Colonial seamstressBetsy Ross
  • Boston hall, “The Cradle of Liberty”Faneuil Hall
  • Pre-Revolutionary War patriotic societiesSons of Liberty
  • New England religious revival, 1730-50Great Awakening
  • Father of the Great AwakeningJonathan Edward

For more Colonial History facts see Game Show Trivia.tv, now in its 5th edition



U.S. History

  • First constitution, Nov. 15, 1777Articles of Confederation
  • First president under the Articles of ConfederationJohn Hanson
  • Body representing the colonies, 1774-89Continental Congress
  • Continental Congress president, 1775-77John Hancock
  • Continental Congress last presidentCyrus Griffin
  • Party of the first two presidentsFederalist Party
  • Roadway across AppalachiansCumberland Road
  • Designer of the American flagFrancis Hopkins
  • U.S. capital from 1775-83Philadelphia
  • U.S. capital, 1783Annapolis
  • U.S. capital from 1789-90New York City
  • Massachusetts farmers rebellion of 1786Shays’ Rebellion
  • Document established in 1787U.S. Constitution
  • Hamilton’s 1790 report Report on public credit
  • He founded the Bank of America, 1791Alexander Hamilton
  • First Secretary of WarJohn Knox (Fort Knox)
  • First Secretary of TreasuryAlexander Hamilton
  • Alexander Hamilton’s 85 essays (with John Jay and James Monroe)Federalist Papers
  • Duelist who shot Alexander HamiltonAaron Burr
  • Eli Whitney’s invention, 1791Cotton gin
  • Liquor tax rebellion of 1794 Whiskey Rebellion
  • Diplomatic incident with France in 1797XYZ affair
  • American frigate launched in Boston, 1797USS Constitution (Old Ironsides)
  • U.S. land purchase of 1803Louisiana Purchase ($15 Million)
  • Case declared unconstitutional, 1803Marbury vs. Madison
  • He burned the Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor, 1804Stephen Decatur (Decatur, IL)
  • “The Pathfinder,” governor of the Arizona TerritoryJohn C. Fremont
  • Explorers of northern Louisiana PurchaseMeriwether Lewis and William Clark
  • Explorer of southern Louisiana PurchaseZebulon Pike (Pike’s Peak)
  • Winner of the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813Oliver Hazard Perry
  • Fort bombed by British in 1814Fort McHenry
  • Man who wrote Star Spangled Banner in 1814Francis Scott Key
  • Man who captured New Orleans in 1815Andrew Jackson
  • Pirate who aided in Battle of New OrleansJean Lafitte
  • 1815 treaty officially ending War of 1812 Treaty of Ghent(Belgium)
  • “The Great Compromiser;” negotiated the Treaty of GhentHenry Clay
  • Territory in the Ohio Valley and northwardNorthwest Territory
  • States fighting in the Toledo War Ohio and Michigan
  • Party established by Henry Clay & Daniel WebsterWhigs
  • 1820 compromise over slavery disputeMissouri Compromise
  • Doctrine warning Europe not to interfere in Western Hemisphere, 1823 Monroe Doctrine
  • Man made waterway, 1825Erie Canal
  • 1He led unsuccessful slave rebellion, 1831Nat Turner
  • It rang for the last time in 1835 Liberty Bell
  • San Antonio shrine and battle siteAlamo
  • Commander at the Alamo, 1836William Travis
  • Tennessee frontiersman killed at AlamoDavy Crockett
  • Knife inventor killed at AlamoJim Bowie
  • Northwest land dispute motto, 1844“54-40 or fight”
  • “Old Fuss and Feathers;” captured Mexico City in 1847Winfield Scott
  • Treaty that ended Mexican-American WarTreaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo
  • Langtree, Texas “Law west of the Pecos”Judge Roy Bean
  • Short-lived U.S. state in western TennesseeFranklin
  • Birthplace of the Conestoga wagonLancaster, PA
  • Settlers trapped in Sierra Madres, 1846-47Donner party
  • Site where gold was discovered in 1848Sutter’s Mill
  • First U.S. steamship commander, negotiated trading treaty with Japan, 1853Commodore Matthew Perry
  • Territory bought from Mexico, 1853Gadsden Purchase
  • 1854 act that nullified Missouri CompromiseKansas-Nebraska Act
  • Women’s Christian Temperance Union partyProhibition Party
  • “Paper note political party”Greenbacks
  • “Ignorant” political partyKnow Nothings
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe’s preacher brotherHenry Ward Beecher
  • Supreme Court decision,1857Dred Scott Decision
  • He debated with Abe Lincoln, 1858Stephen Douglas
  • He raided Harper’s Ferry, 1859John Brown
  • “The boss of Tammany Hall”, 1860s(William Marcy) “Boss” Tweed
  • Mail delivery service, 1860-61Pony Express
  • Pony Express terminalsSt. Joseph, MO & Sacramento, CA
  • Congressional act giving land to settlers, 1860Homestead Act
  • Land purchase, 1867, a.k.a. Seward’s Folly Alaska Territory ($7.2 million)
  • He instituted the national banking system Salmon P. Chase
  • Transportation route, completed 1869Transcontinental Railroad
  • Utah point where the transcontinental railroad metPromontory Point
  • Railroads that met at Promontory PointUnion Pacific and Central Pacific
  • Great fire of 1871Chicago fire
  • Laws enacted for segregation in the 1880sJim Crow laws
  • Tombstone, AZ marshal, 1881Wyatt Earp
  • Tombstone, AZ gunfight,1881 Gunfight at the OK Corral
  • Feuding families in 1882Hatfields and McCoys
  • “Son of Morning Star”, died at Little Big HornGeorge Armstrong Custer
  • Gift from France, dedicated 1886Statue of Liberty
  • Chicago riots, 1886Haymarket riots
  • Pennsylvania flood of 1889Johnstown flood
  • Trust busting act of Congress, 1890Sherman Anti-trust Act
  • American Railway Union founder, 1893Eugene Debs
  • Rail workers strike, 1894Pullman Strike
  • “Separate, but equal” Supreme Court decision, 1896Plessy vs. Ferguson
  • William Jennings Bryan speech, 1896“Cross of Gold”
  • Ship that exploded in Havana Harbor, 1898USS Maine
  • War commencing in 1898Spanish-American War
  • He won the Battle of Manila Bay, 1898Commodore George Dewey
  • Disaster killing 6,000 people, 1900Galveston hurricane
  • Five-time Socialist Party presidential candidateEugene Debs
  • Disaster killing 500 people, 1906San Francisco earthquake
  • “Robber Baron” who organized U.S. Steel, 1901J. P. Morgan
  • Oil baron who was first billionaire in the U.S.John D. Rockefeller
  • Female “Saloon Smasher,” 1910Carrie Nation
  • William Howard Taft’s policy toward Latin America
  • Congress enacted this health claims, 1912Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Central U.S. banking authority created in 1913Federal Reserve System
  • He established the first auto assembly line, 1913Henry Ford
  • Female “Saloon Smasher,” 1910Carrie Nation
  • Unfair business practices agency, established 1914 Federal Trade Commission
  • Teddy Roosevelt’s independent political partyProgressive or Bull Moose Party
  • He chased Pancho Villa into MexicoJohn (Black Jack) Pershing
  • Law enforcing Prohibition (18th) Amendment, 1919 Volstead Act
  • Major police strike, 1919Boston police strike
  • He organized the U.S. Communist Party in 1919John Reed
  • Baseball scandal, 1919“Black Sox” scandal
  • U.S. declined to join this body, 1920League of Nations
  • Harding pardoned this Socialist in 1921Eugene Debs
  • Wyoming oil leasing scandal, 1923Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Tennessee trial about evolution in schools, 1925Scopes (monkey) trial
  • He launched first liquid fueled rocket, 1926Robert Goddard
  • First U.S. underwater tunnel, 1927Holland Tunnel
  • Voting league established, 1928League of Women Voters
  • Beaumont, Texas oil field Spindle Top Field
  • Secretary of Interior who took bribes, 1929Albert Fall
  • Date of the stock market crashOctober 29, 1929 (“Black Tuesday”)
  • FDR’s 1933 program to end the depressionNew Deal
  • Group of dams built as part of the New DealTennessee Valley Authority
  • Louisiana senator shot, 1935Huey Long
  • U.S. gold repository, established in 1935Fort Knox
  • Chicago to L.A. highway; “Main Street of America”Route 66
  • He set around-the-world flying record, 1938Howard Hughes
  • He broadcast “The War of the Worlds” in 1938Orson Welles
  • Boston night club fire, 491 killed Coconut Grove
  • Site of first atomic bomb test in 1945Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • Statesman awarded Nobel Peace Prize, 1945Cordell Hull
  • Site of first postwar atomic bomb test, 1946Bikini Atoll
  • He broke the sound barrier, 1947Chuck Yeager
  • Law that banned closed union shops, 1948Taft-Hartley Act
  • Last Five-Star General, 1948Omar Bradley
  • Sex researcher at Indiana University, 1948Alfred Kinsey
  • Statesman convicted of lying to HUAC, 1948 Alger Hiss
  • Time magazine editor involved with Alger HissWhittaker Chambers
  • Great robbery of 1950 Brinks robbery
  • First computer, 1950ENIAC
  • Computer used by U.S. Census Bureau, 1951 UNIVAC
  • Tennessee senator who held organized crime hearings, 1951 Estes Kefauver
  • Pacific site of first H-bomb test, 1951 Eniwetok
  • “Hollywood Ten” investigative committeeHUAC
  • “Hollywood Ten” spokesmanHumphrey Bogart
  • First U.S. nuclear powered submarine, 1954Nautilus
  • Post WW II generation“Baby Boomers”
  • Generation that followed baby boomers“Generation X”
  • Supreme Court anti-segregation decision, 1954Brown vs. Board of Education
  • Bus boycott city, 1955 Montgomery
  • Man who created first state Board of EducationHorace Mann
  • High school integration city, 1957Little Rock
  • 14-year-old U.S. chess champion in 1957Bobby Fischer
  • Contestant involved in quiz show scandal, 1957Charles Van Doren
  • J. F. Dulles’ brother and head of the CIA Allen Dulles
  • They participated in the “Kitchen Debate”, 1959 Richard Nixon & Nikita Khrushchev
  • Failed Cuban invasion site, 1961Bay of Pigs
  • Nightclub comedian arrested for obscenity, 1961Lenny Bruce
  • Doctor defended by F. Lee Bailey before the Supreme Court, 1962 Sam Shepard
  • Weavers member and political activistPete Seeger
  • American pilot shot down over Soviet Union, 1962Francis Gary Powers

For more U.S. History facts see Game Show Trivia.tv, now in its 5th edition