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Cicero

What Roman orator, lawyer, politician, and philosopher was murdered in the year 43 B.C.?

  The answer is Cicero

What Roman emperor had a wall build across southern Scotland?

What volcano erupted in 79 A.D.,burying Pompeii?

What Roman landmark is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater?

What was the name of a Roman army officer who led 100 men?


Emperors

First triumvirate of Rome:  Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey

Julius Caesar:  Assassinated in 44 B.C. only a month after being declared dictator for life.

Anthony and Cleopatra:  Defeated by Augustus in 31 B.C. at the Battle of Actium

Augustus Caesar:  (Octavian) 27 B.C.-14 A.D.

Tiberius:  14-37 A.D. (Augustus’ stepson)

Caligula:  37-41 (rumor says he made his horse a member of government)

Claudius:  41-54 (stammering emperor)

Nero:  54-68 (Claudius’ adopted son)

Trajan:  98-117 (column designer)

Hadrian:  117-138 (built namesake wall in Scotland and the Pantheon)

Constantine:  306-337 (built new capital at Constantinople)


Ancient Roman points of Interest

Pantheon:  Paleolithic Temple built by Hadrian

Temple of Jupiter

Circus Maximus:  Used for chariot races

Colosseum, a.k.a. Flavian Amphitheater


Other Facts

  • River that Caesar crossed Rubicon
  • Caesar’s message to Rome “Veni, Vidi, Vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered)
  • 64 AD event Fire in Rome (Nero did not fiddle)
  • 79 AD event Mt.Vesuvius eruption
  • Roman priestesses Vestal Virgins
  • Roman imperial guards Praetorian Guards
  • Roman tax collector Prefect
  • Praetorian Guard leader Publican
  • Noble class of Rome Patrician
  • Roman commoner Plebeian
  • A Roman army Legion
  • Roman army leader of 100 men Centurian
  • Nero’s mother Agrippina
  • Author of Aeneid Virgil
  • Orator, statesman and philosopher Cicero
  • Roman comic playwright Plautus
  • Rebel slave leader Spartacus
  • Judean Military governor, 37-4 B.C. Herod (the Great)
  • Judean Military governor, 26-36 A.D. Pontius Pilot
  • Roman governor of Egypt Mohammed Ali
  • Roman naturalist, wrote of Mt. Vesuvius eruption Pliny the Elder
  • Roman astronomer Ptolemy
  • Roman inner courtyard Atrium
  • Roman public gathering Forum
  • Roman ruling body Senate
  • Roman road Appian Way
  • Rome-Carthage wars Punic Wars
  • Roman peace Pax Romana
  • Cities Vesuvius buried Pompeii and Herculaneum
  • Wall in Scotland Hadrian’s Wall
  • Color of trim on Roman togas Purple
  • Legendary founders of Rome, 753 B.C. Romulus and Remus
  • Roman names for

  • France Gaul
  • Ireland Hibernia
  • Wales Cambria
  • Scotland Caledonia

The first two Caesars formulated our twelve-month, 365-day calendar (Julian calendar). They added months of July (Julius) and August (Augustus). That is why September, which means seventh month, is actually the ninth month, October the tenth month and so on.


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