First triumvirate of Rome: Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey
Julius Caesar: Assassinated in 44 B.C. only a month after being declared dictator for life.
Anthony and Cleopatra: Defeated by Augustus in 31 B.C. at the Battle of Actium
Augustus Caesar: (Octavian) 27 B.C.-14 A.D.
Tiberius: 14-37 A.D. (Augustus’ stepson)
Caligula: 37-41 (rumor says he made his horse a member of government)
Claudius: 41-54 (stammering emperor)
Nero: 54-68 (Claudius’ adopted son)
Trajan: 98-117 (column designer)
Hadrian: 117-138 (built namesake wall in Scotland and the Pantheon)
Constantine: 306-337 (built new capital at Constantinople)
Pantheon: Paleolithic Temple built by Hadrian
Temple of Jupiter
Circus Maximus: Used for chariot races
Colosseum, a.k.a. Flavian Amphitheater
The first two Caesars formulated our twelve-month, 365-day calendar (Julian calendar). They added months of July (Julius) and August (Augustus). That is why September, which means seventh month, is actually the ninth month, October the tenth month and so on.
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