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World Religion Part One

  • Buddhism: 397 million believers (estimated)

  • The Enlightened OneBuddha (Prince Siddhartha Gautama)
  • Head of Tibetan Buddhists(14th) Dalai Lama
  • State of peaceful blessedness Nirvana
  • Buddha’s teachings, universal truth Dharma
  • Branches of BuddhismTheravada, Mahayana and Gautama
  • Tantric form of BuddhismMantra
  • Ancient Cambodian temple Angkor Wat
  • Christianity: 2 billion believers (estimated)

  • Roman Catholic: 1.16 billion believers
  • Protestant: 700 million believers (approximately)
  • Eastern Orthodox: 230 million believers
  • Largest American protestant denominationBaptists
  • Standard Latin Bible Vulgate
  • First mass-produced Bible Gutenberg Bible
  • English translation, 1706King James Bible
  • “Isa Ibn Mary am”Jesus
  • Holiday forty days before EasterAsh Wednesday
  • Christmas storyPassion Play
  • Quakers founderGeorge Fox
  • Methodism founder John Wesley
  • Shakers founder Mother Ann Lee
  • Christian Science founder Mary Baker Eddy
  • Amish founderJacob Amman
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses founder Charles Taze Russell
  • Founder of the Mormon Church Joseph Smith
  • Mormon leader after Smith Brigham Young (had 22 wives, 57 children)
  • Mormon prophet Moroni
  • Mormon city in IllinoisNauvoo
  • Protestant Reformation founder Martin Luther
  • Number of Luther’s theses 95
  • Swiss-French reformistJohn Calvin
  • Movement associated with speaking in tonguesPentecostal
  • John Calvin’s followers Presbyterians
  • Scottish reformist John Knox
  • Largest protestant sectLutheran (60 million)
  • French Protestants Huguenots
  • Betsy Ross’ religionQuaker
  • Mennonite group from PennsylvaniaAmish
  • Preachers who traveled the old westCircuit riders (mostly Methodist)
  • Catholicism facts:

  • Molokai priest Father Damian (died of leprosy)
  • Archbishop of CyprusArchbishop Makarios
  • Apostle of California Junipero Serra
  • Archbishop of New York, 1939 Archbishop Spellman
  • Last anti-pope Felix V
  • Papal residence Castel Gandolfo
  • Vatican guard Swiss Guard
  • Home for nunsConvent
  • Site where the Virgin Mary was seen in 1917 Fatima, Portugal
  • Site where the Virgin Mary was seen in 1531 Guadeloupe, Mexico
  • Three bar crossPapal cross
  • 1378 split of the Catholic ChurchThe Great Schism
  • Friars with pointed hoodsCapuchin
  • First popePeter
  • Recent Popes:

  • 1922-39 Pius XI
  • 1939-58 Pius XII
  • 1958-63John XXIII
  • 1963-78Paul VI
  • 1978John-Paul I (“The Smiling Pope”)
  • 1978-2001John-Paul II
  • 2001-2013 Benedict XVI
  • 2013-Francis (266th successor to Peter)
  • Catholic Saints of:

  • Finland St. Henry
  • France St. Denis
  • GermanySt. Boniface
  • Hungary St. Stephen
  • IrelandSt. Patrick
  • Italy St. Francis of Assisi
  • MexicoOur Lady of Guadalupe
  • NorwaySt. Olaf
  • PolandSt. Stanislaus
  • England St. George
  • ScotlandSt. Andrew
  • SpainSt. James
  • SwedenSt. Catherine
  • Wales St. David
  • Rome St. Peter
  • LimaSt. Rose (first New World saint)
  • VeniceSt. Mark
  • Travelers St. Christopher
  • Animals St. Francis
  • LoversSt Valentine
  • Mountain climbersSt. Bernard
  • Lost causes St. Jude
  • Fishermen St. Andrew
  • The poor St. Anthony of Padua
  • Carpenters St. Joseph
  • Boy ScoutsSt. George
  • Students St. Thomas Aquinas
  • AccountantsSt. Matthew
  • The Lady of Lourdes St. Bernadette
  • The Bishop of Hippo St. Augustine
  • 6th century Irish nunSt. Bridgette
  • Founder of the Jesuits St Ignatius of Loyola
  • Friar’s founder who received Jesus’ woundsSt. Francis of Assisi
  • Cyrillic alphabet founderSt. Cyril
  • Saint beheaded in London, 1535 St. Thomas More
  • Female saint who followed St. Francis St. Clair (The Poor Clairs)
  • First U.S. citizen made a saintMother Cabrini
  • First American-born saint Mother Seton

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World Religion Part Two

  • Confucianism: 175 million believers

  • FounderConfucius
  • Principal countryChina
  • Hare Krishna:

  • Spiritual leaderSwami
  • Principal country.India
  • Hinduism: The Eternal Law; 500 million believers

  • Trimurti of GodsBrahma (The Preserver)
  • Trimurti of GodsShiva (The Destroyer)
  • Trimurti of GodsVishnu (The Creator)
  • Avatar of VishnuKrishna
  • Hindu textVedas (“knowledge”)
  • Hindu universal spiritBrahman
  • Sacred riversGanges and five others
  • Two letter chant“Om”
  • Great epicRada
  • Ancient scriptures:Badas
  • Islam: One billion believers

  • FounderMohammed (570-632 A.D.)
  • Mohammed’s daughterFatima
  • Major sectsSunni (largest), Shiite
  • Holy book Koran
  • Highest officeCaliphate
  • Leader of a local Shiite Muslim communityImam
  • High ranking Shiitle leaderAyatollah
  • House of worshipMosque
  • Prayer tower Minaret
  • Holy cities Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
  • Holy pilgrimage to Mecca Hajj
  • Number of pillars of Islam Five
  • Holy house in MeccaKabaa
  • Kabaa center pieceBlack Stone
  • Month of fasting Ramadan
  • Holy war Jihad
  • Religous ruling by an Isalmic scholarFatwa
  • Movement founded by Wali Fard, 1934 Nation of Islam
  • Jainism: 4.3 million believers

  • Principal countryIndia
  • Judaism: 17 million believers

  • Founder Abraham
  • Holy city Jerusalem
  • Feast of Lights or DedicationHanukkah
  • New Year; Day of JudgmentRosh Hashanah
  • Day of Atonement Yom Kippur
  • Passover feast Seder
  • Jewish mourners prayerCaddish
  • Coming of age rite Bar Mitzvah (male); Bat Mitzvah (female)
  • Wedding riteBreaking of the glass
  • Mountain fortress Masada
  • Jewish population outside Israel Diaspora
  • Candelabra Menorah
  • Door postMezuzah
  • Skull cap Yarmulke
  • Rastafarianism:

  • Principal country Jamaica
  • Shintoism:

  • Principal countryJapan
  • Sikhism:

  • FoundersKabir and Nanak
  • Principal countryIndia
  • Taoism (or Daoism) :

  • FounderLao-Tsu (c. 400 B.C.)
  • Chief GodJade Emperor
  • Unification Church:

  • FounderSun Myung Moon
  • Principal countriesSouth Korea and USA
  • Voodoo:

  • Principal countryHaiti
  • Zoroastrianism: 250,000 believers:

  • FounderZoroaster (c. 600 B.C.)
  • Principal countriesIndia and Iran