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madagascar_smap

What country do lemurs come from?

A: MADAGASCAR

Christ the Redeemer

What country is 5th in the world in size and in population?

What former Soviet minister was president of the new state of Georgia from 1995 to 2003?

What former Soviet minister was president of the new state of Georgia from 1995 to 2003?

What Egyptian president was ousted after serving only one year?

What Egyptian president was ousted after serving only one year?

In what Netherlands city was the Treaty of European Union signed in 1992?

In what Netherlands city was the Treaty of European Union signed in 1992?

What Chilean desert, shared with Bolivia and Argentina, is the world's dryest place?

What Chilean desert, shared with Bolivia and Argentina, is the world’s dryest place?

What island country lies at the end of the Malay Peninsula?

What island country lies at the end of the Malay Peninsula?

What is the world's smallest country?

What is the world’s smallest country?

What is the largest island nation in the Caribbean Sea?

What is the largest island nation in the Caribbean Sea?

What country became independant from Columbia in 1903?

What country became independant from Columbia in 1903?


Countries of the World A-B

  • Afghanistan

  • CapitalKabul
  • President, 2001Hamid Karzai
  • Freedom fightersMujaheddin
  • Former ruling partyTaliban
  • Mountain passKhyber Pass
  • City named for Alexander the Great Kandahar
  • Albania

  • CapitalTirana
  • RoyaltyKing Zog
  • Nobel Peace Prize winnerMother Teresa
  • Algeria (Largest country in Africa)

  • Capital Algiers
  • 16th century fortress Kasbah
  • Andorra

  • CapitalAndorra la Vella
  • MountainsPyrenees
  • Principal languageCatalan
  • Angola (former Portuguese colony)

  • CapitalLuanda
  • Indigenous people Bantu
  • Language Portuguese
  • Antigua & Barbuda (largest of Caribbean Leeward Islands)

  • Capital St. John’s
  • Argentina

  • Capital Buenos Aires
  • Currency Peso
  • Religion Roman Catholic
  • Language Spanish
  • Desert Atacama (world’s driest place)
  • Mountain Aconcagua (summit in Argentina but shared with Chile)
  • River Rio de la Plata (“river of silver”)
  • Strait Strait of Magellan
  • Southern plateau Patagonia
  • Plains The Pampas
  • Southern island shared with Chile Tierra del Fuego (“Land of Fire”)
  • Site of 1982 war Falkland Islands
  • Falkland Islands Argentine name Malvinas
  • Cowboys Gauchos
  • Gaucho weapon Bola
  • President 1946-55, 1973-74 Juan Peron
  • Juan Peron’s second wife, died 1972 Evita (Eva) Peron
  • Juan Peron’s third wife and president 1974-76 Isabelle Peron
  • National dance Tango
  • Tennis star Gabriela Sabatini
  • Armenia

  • Capital Yerevan
  • Mountains Caucasus
  • Australia (only nation on an entire continent, world’s sixth largest country)

  • Nickname “The Land Down Under”
  • Capital Canberra
  • Prime Minister, 1991-96 Bob Hanke
  • Prime minister, 1996-2007 John Howard
  • Prime minister, 2007-2010 Kevin Rudd
  • Prime minister, 2010- Julia Gillard
  • States: New South Wales
  • States: Victoria
  • States: Queensland
  • States: South Australia
  • States: Western Australia
  • States: Tasmania
  • Currency Dollar
  • Largest city Sydney
  • Second largest Melbourne
  • Western Australia city Perth
  • North coast city Darwin
  • Harbor Bridge location Sydney
  • Sydney airport Kingsford Smith Airport
  • Sydney area beach Bondi Beach
  • Sydney Harbor landmark The Opera House
  • Lake Lake Eyre
  • Largest island Tasmania
  • Longest river Darling River
  • Bay Botany Bay
  • Eastern sea Tasman Sea
  • Color changing landmark, “The Remarkable Pebble” Ayres Rock (Uluru)
  • Wild dog Dingo
  • Native people Aborigines
  • Aboriginal rite Walkabout
  • Aborigine weapon Boomerang
  • Stagnant water Billabong
  • Actor Paul Hogan
  • Singer Olivia Newton-John
  • Opera singer Nellie Melba
  • Female author Colleen McCullough
  • Super model Elle McPherson
  • Tennis grand slam winner Margaret Court
  • Media Magnate Rupert Murdoch
  • Olympic site summer 1956 Melbourne
  • Olympic site summer 2000 Sydney
  • Gum tree Eucalyptus
  • Eucalyptus eater Koala
  • Duckbilled mammal Platypus
  • Reef Great Barrier Reef
  • Popular beer Foster’s
  • Popular wine Yellow Tail
  • Austria

  • Capital and largest city Vienna (The Waltz City)
  • Dynasty, 1247-1918 Hapsburg (or Habsburg)
  • Former currency Shilling (now Euro)
  • Winter Olympics site, 1964 and 1976 Innsbruck
  • Vienna cathedralSt. Stephen’s
  • Vienna palace, former summer home of aristocracySchoenbrunn Palace
  • Vienna newspaper Wiener Zeiting
  • U.N. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim
  • Salzburg born Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozar
  • Classical composer a.k.a “The Father of the Symphony” Franz Joseph Haydn
  • Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa
  • Vienna psychoanalysis pioneer Sigmund Freud
  • 20th century physicist Erwin Schrödinger
  • Actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • Azerbaijan

  • Capital Baku
  • Mountains Caucasus
  • Lake Caspian Sea
  • World chess champion, 1985-2000 Gary Kasparov
  • Bahamas

  • Capital and largest city Nassau
  • Second largest cityFreeport
  • Nassau islandNew Providence
  • Largest islandAndros
  • Columbus’ original landing point San Salvador
  • Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)

  • Capital Dhaka
  • Bay of BengalBay of Bengal
  • Language Bengali
  • Barbados

  • Capital Bridgetown
  • Island group Lesser Antillies
  • SingerRihanna
  • Belarus (former SSR)

  • Capital Minsk
  • Religion Eastern Orthodox
  • Currency Ruble
  • Belgium (won its independence from the Netherlands)

  • Capital and largest city Brussels (NATO headquarters)
  • Largest port Antwerp (major diamond processing center)
  • Napoleonic battle site Waterloo
  • City of treaty that ended War of 1812Ghent
  • Former currencyFranc (now Euro)
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • WW I cemeteryFlanders Field
  • LanguageFlemish
  • Ethnic groups Flemings,Walloons
  • Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator
  • Flemish painterSir Anthony Van Dyck (beard named after him)
  • SurrealistRene Magritte
  • Artist who taught van Dyke Peter Paul Rubens
  • Fictional detective Hercules Poirot
  • Cheese Limburger
  • Current kingAlfred II
  • Other royalty Leopold I & II, Baudouin
  • Colony The Belgian Congo
  • Belize (formerly British Honduras)

  • Capital Belmopan
  • Bermuda

  • Capital Hamilton
  • Bolivia (Formerly Upper Peru, named after Simon Bolivar)

  • Legal capitalSucre
  • Administrative capital La Paz (“The Peace”, highest world capital in elevation)
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • LanguageSpanish
  • LakeTiticaca
  • Mineral held in large depositsTin
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina

  • Capital Sarajevo
  • Author of teen diaryZlata (Frankovich)
  • Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland)

  • Capital Gaborone
  • DesertKalahari
  • Swamp Okavango
  • Brazil (largest country in South America)

  • CapitalBrasilia
  • Former capitalRio de Janeiro
  • Rio beaches Copacabana and Ipanima
  • Religious statue overlooking RioChrist the Redeemer
  • Christ the Redeemer mountainCorcovado
  • Rio mountain Sugarloaf
  • Largest citySao Paulo
  • LanguagePortuguese
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • Currency Real
  • National dance Samba
  • River Amazon
  • Stadium (world’s largest) Maracana Stadium
  • Royalty Pedro I & II
  • Actress who wore fruit on her head Carmen Miranda
  • Brunei

  • IslandBorneo
  • Ruler (by decree) The Sultan of Brunei
  • Bulgaria

  • Capital Sofia
  • Royalty King Boris III
  • Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta)

  • CapitalOuagadougou
  • Bhutan

  • Capital Thimphu
  • MountainsHimalayas


Countries of the World C-D

  • Cambodia (former Kampuchea)

  • CapitalPhnom Penh
  • ReligionBuddhism
  • Ancient empireKhmer Empire
  • Communist organizationKhmer Rouge
  • Khmer Rouge leader, died in 1998Pol Pot
  • Ancient Buddhist templeAngkor Wat
  • RoyaltyKing Norodom Sihanouk
  • Canada (world’s second largest country)

  • Provinces:Capitals:
  • AlbertaEdmonton
  • British ColumbiaVictoria (The Garden City)
  • Manitoba (the Prairie Province)Winnipeg
  • New Brunswick (borders Maine)Fredericton
  • Newfoundland & Labrador (the newest province)St John’s
  • Nova Scotia (New Scotland)Halifax
  • OntarioToronto
  • Prince Edward IslandCharlottetown (The Cradle of the Waves)
  • Quebec (the Maple Syrup Province)Quebec
  • SaskatchewanRegina
  • Number of provincesTen
  • Territories:
  • Northwest TerritoryYellowknife
  • Yukon Territory (borders Alaska)Whitehorse
  • NunavutIqaluit
  • Other facts:
  • CapitalOttawa
  • Largest cityToronto
  • Second-largest cityMontreal
  • Largest city in AlbertaCalgary
  • Largest city in British ColumbiaVancouver
  • Largest provinceQuebec
  • National anthemO, Canada
  • Largest IslandBaffin Island
  • Northernmost islandEllesmere Island
  • British Columbian islandVancouver Island
  • Longest riverMackenzie
  • River feeding into Hudson BayChurchill
  • CurrencyDollar
  • Toronto towerCN (Canadian National) Tower
  • Prime minister, 1968-79, 1980-84Pierre Trudeau
  • Conservative prime minister, 1984-93Brian Mulroney
  • Female prime minister, 1993Kim Campbell
  • Liberal prime minister, 1993-2003Jean Chretien
  • Prime minister, 2003-2006Paul Martin
  • Prime minister, 2006-Stephen Harper
  • NW Territory lakeGreat Slave Lake
  • Nova Scotia islandCape Breton
  • Nova Scotia French areaAcadia
  • Nova Scotia ship builderCunard (founded 1787)
  • Newfoundland air traffic control centerGander
  • Montreal UniversityMagill
  • Comedian and actorJim Carrey
  • Snowbird singerAnne Murray
  • Game show hostAlex Trebek
  • Alberta national parkBanff
  • Alberta rodeoCalgary Stampede
  • Canada to USA proposed pipelineKeystone
  • Banff lakeLake Louise
  • Yukon gold rush areaKlondike
  • Capitals named for Queen VictoriaVictoria and Regina
  • Chad

  • CapitalN’djamena
  • DesertSahara
  • Chile (southernmost South American country)

  • CapitalSantiago
  • Revolutionary leader, 1817-23Bernardo O’Higgins
  • Marxist president, 1970-73Salvador Allende
  • Man who overthrew AllendeAugusto Pinochet
  • CurrencyPeso
  • MountainAconcagua (with Argentina)
  • DesertAtacama (world’s driest place)
  • Southern islandTierra del Fuego (with Argentina)
  • Pacific islandEaster Island (Papa Nui)
  • PoetPablo Neruda
  • Female authorIsabelle Allende
  • Mineral held in large depositsCopper
  • China (world’s third largest country)

  • CapitalBeijing (formerly Peking)
  • Largest cityShanghai
  • CurrencyYuan
  • Major language dialectsCantonese and Mandarin
  • Ancient Northern ChinaCathay
  • Ancient philosopherConfucius
  • Last emperorPu-Yi
  • Dynasty 960-1279Song Dynasty
  • Dynasty 1368-1644Ming Dynasty
  • Last dynastyManchu
  • Communist revolutionary leaderMao Tse-tung
  • Premier under Mao Tse-tungChou Enlai
  • Head of government, 1976-92Deng Xiaoping
  • Youth militaryRed Guard
  • Chinese-American architectI. M Pei
  • Chinese-American sleuthCharlie Chan
  • Chinese self-defenseKung-fu
  • Richest man in ChinaJack Ma (Alibaba founder)
  • DesertGobi
  • Longest riverYangtze
  • Second longest riverYellow
  • Counting tableAbacus
  • Chinese rootGinseng
  • Site of world’s largest McDonalds’ restaurant Beijing
  • Beijing squareTiananmen Square
  • Beijing templeTemple of Heaven
  • Beijing central areaForbidden City
  • Violent uprising, 1900Boxer Rebellion
  • Industrial objective, 1956Great Leap Forward
  • Egalitarian movement, 1966Cultural revolution
  • Art of furniture arrangingFeng Shui
  • Columbia (only South American country with Caribbean and Pacific coasts)

  • Former nameGran-Columbia
  • CapitalBogota
  • Second largest cityMedellin
  • CurrencyPeso
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • AuthorGabriel Marquez
  • Drug cartelsCali, Medellin
  • Congo, Republic of

  • CapitalBrazzaville
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of (formerly Zaire)

  • CapitalKinshasa
  • RiverCongo
  • Costa Rica

  • Capital and largest citySan Jose
  • President, 1986-2010Oscar Arias Sanchez (Nobel Peace Prize, 1987)
  • Croatia

  • CapitalZagreb (last in alphabetical order)
  • Cuba (largest island in Caribbean)

  • CapitalHavana
  • Head of government, 1959-Fidel Castro
  • Former dictator, overthrown by CastroFulgencio Batista
  • Castro’s revolutionary aideChe Guevera
  • Castro’s brotherRaul
  • U.S. Naval BaseGuantanamo Bay (Gitmo)
  • Site of failed invasion, 1961Bay of Pigs
  • Brothers pitching major league baseballLivan and Orlando Hernandez
  • World high jump record holderJavier Sodomayer
  • Cyprus

  • CapitalNicosia
  • First presidentArchbishop Makarios
  • Mythical kingPygmalion
  • Czech Republic (formerly part of Czechoslovakia)

  • CapitalPrague (City of 1000 Spires)
  • Prague cathedral St. Vitus
  • 1968 uprisingPrague Spring
  • Leader during Prague SpringAlexander Dubcek
  • 1989 revolutionVelvet Revolution
  • President, 1992-93, 1993-Vaclav Havel
  • RegionBohemia
  • New World Symphony composerAntonin Dvorak
  • The Bartered Bride composerBedrich Smetana
  • Female tennis starMartina Navratilova
  • Male tennis starIvan Lendl
  • Denmark

  • Capital and largest cityCopenhagen
  • PeninsulaJutland
  • RoyaltyQueen Margarethe II
  • Other royal namesChristina, Fredrick
  • Ruling houseOrange
  • CurrencyKröne
  • Overseas regionsGreenland and Faroe Islands
  • FlagDannenbrög (world’s oldest flag)
  • Glazed earthenware townDelft
  • AstronomerTycho Brahe
  • PhilosopherSøren Kierkegaard
  • ExplorerVitus Bering (Bering Sea and Strait)
  • PhysicistNiels Bohr
  • AuthorIsak Dinesen (Karen Blixen)
  • Short story writerHans Christian Anderson
  • Piano comicVictor Borge
  • National drinkAcabee
  • Copenhagen Harbor figureThe Little Mermaid
  • Copenhagen amusement parkTivoli Gardens
  • Dominican Republic (where Columbus is buried)

  • CapitalSanto Domingo
  • IslandHispaniola (second-largest island in Caribbean)


Countries of the World E-G

  • East Germany (now part of Germany)

  • CapitalEast Berlin
  • Dividing wallBerlin Wall
  • Berlin Wall crossing pointBrandenburg Gate
  • Figure skaterKatarina Witt
  • Ecuador (yes, the equator runs through it)

  • CapitalQuito
  • CurrencySucre
  • LanguageSpanish
  • Second most widely spoken languageQuechuan
  • IslandsGalapagos Islands
  • Egypt

  • President, 2012-13 (in dispute)Mohamed Morsi
  • Capital and largest cityCairo (largest city in Africa)
  • Cairo squareTahrir Square
  • Second-largest cityAlexandria (founded by Alexander the Great)
  • Ancient capitalsMemphis, Thebes
  • DamAswan High Dam
  • Aswan Dam lakeLake Nasser
  • RiverNile
  • CanalSuez
  • CurrencyPound
  • Largest pyramidKhufu (a.k.a. Cheops)
  • King, 1932-52King Farouk
  • Man who overthrew King Farouk, 1952Abdul Nasser
  • President, 1970-81Anwar Sadat (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979)
  • President, 1981-2011Hosni Mubarak
  • Amenhotep III’s son, 17th century BCAkhenaton
  • Akhenaton’s wifeNefertiti
  • Longest ruling female Pharaoh, 14th century BCHatshepsut
  • King who died at age 18, cTutankhamen (King Tut)
  • Book found in ancient tombsBook of the Dead
  • 3rd to 6th century B.C dynastyOld Kingdom
  • 18th to 30th century B.C. dynastyNew Kingdom
  • 19th dynasty rulersRamses II, Seti I
  • 15th to 18th century B.C. dynasty Mamluk
  • King who fathered 160 childrenRamses II
  • Christian sectCoptic Church
  • El Salvador (only Central American country without a Caribbean coastline, (the smallest Central American country)

  • CapitalSan Salvador
  • President 1980-82, 1984-89Jose Napoleon Duarte
  • England- See Great Britain

  • Estonia

  • CapitalTallinn
  • Ethiopia

  • CapitalAddis Ababa
  • Emperor 1930-74Haile Selassie (a.k.a. Ras Tafari)
  • Country newly independent from EthiopiaEritrea
  • Fiji (Pacific island group)

  • CapitalSuva
  • Largest islandViti Levu
  • Finland

  • CapitalHelsinki (site of Accord on Human Rights)
  • GulfGulf of Bothnia
  • Former currencyMarkka (now Euro)
  • Northern herdsmenLapps (aka Sami)
  • Cell Phone makerNokia
  • ComposerJean Sibelius
  • Finnish-American architectEero Saarinen
  • Runner known as the “Flying Finn”Paavo Nurmi
  • France

  • Capital and largest cityParis
  • Southern portMarseille
  • Film festival cityCannes
  • Brigitte Bardot’s tourist citySt. Tropez
  • Spa city and World War II capitalVichy
  • Former seat of the PapacyAvignon
  • Stained glass cathedral cityChartres
  • Porcelain cityLimoges
  • National anthemLes Marseilles
  • Premier, 1906-09, 1917-20Georges Clemenceau
  • Chief of Vichey government, 1940-40Marshal Pétain
  • Current governmentThe Fifth Republic
  • Fifth Republic leaders:
  • President, 1958-69Charles de Gaulle
  • President, 1969-74 Georges Pompidou
  • President, 1974-81Valery Giscard d’Estaing
  • Socialist president 1981-95Francois Mitterrand
  • President, 1995-2007Jacques Chirac (former Paris mayor)
  • President, 2007-12Nicholas Sarkozy
  • Sarkozy’s wifeCarla Bruni
  • Current president, 2012-François Hollande
  • Floral symbolFleur-de-Lis
  • Paris site, Tomb of the Unknown SoldierArc de Triomphe
  • Paris gardensTuilleries
  • Paris riverSeine
  • Paris’ oldest bridgePont Neuf
  • Tourist coastCote d’Azur
  • Mustard regionDijon
  • Hot summer monthThermidor
  • Empire including France, 900 ACarolingian
  • 12th century minstrelsTroubadours
  • Ruling house of France, 987-1328Capetians
  • Middle ages middle classBourgeoisie
  • Ruling family, 13th to 19th centuryBourbons
  • Philosopher and Armine Bejart’s loverMolière
  • French ProtestantsHuguenots
  • Cardinal who opposed the HuguenotsCardinal Richelieu
  • Day the Huguenots were massacredSt. Bartholomew’s Day
  • Document of the revolution, 1789Declaration of the Rights of Man
  • Prison stormed by French peasantsBastille
  • Date of the storming of the BastilleJuly 14, 1789
  • French leader subject of a David paintingJean-Paul Marat
  • She killed MaratCharlotte Corday
  • Leader deposed on 9 Thermidor, 1794Maximilian Robespierre
  • Robespierre’s supportersJacobins
  • The Sun King (le Roi Soleil)Louis XIV
  • Louis XIV’s imprisoned brotherThe “Man in the Iron Mask”
  • Louis XV’s loverMadame Pompadour
  • Louis XVI’s QueenMarie Antoinette
  • Marie Antoinette’s motherMaria Teresa (of the Habsburgs)
  • Palace built by Louis XIVVersailles
  • Versailles’ hallHall of Mirrors
  • Napoleon’s first wifeJosephine
  • Napoleon’s second wifeMarie Louise
  • He defeated Napoleon at WaterlooDuke of Wellington
  • Napoleon’s brother, king of RomeNapoleon II
  • Napoleon’s brother, king of SpainJoseph Bonaparte
  • Napoleon’s nephew, emperor of France, 1852-70Napoleon III (Louis Napoleon)
  • Army major stripped of honor, 1895Major Dreyfus
  • He defended Major Dreyfus with J’Accuse…Émile Zola
  • Island where Major Dreyfus was exiledDevil’s Island
  • Trendsetter and actress, 1890’sSarah Bernhardt
  • Philosopher, developed analytical geometryRené Descartes
  • Founder of modern chemistryAntionne Lavoisier
  • Grand dictionary lexicographerPierre Larouse
  • Photography pioneer, 19th centuryLouis Daguerre
  • Famous actress, late 19th century, early 20th centurySarah Bernhadrt
  • Ballooning brothers, late 18th centuryMontgolfier brothers
  • Probability pioneerBlaise Pascal
  • French-Algerian existential authorAlbert Camus
  • Baby doctorFerdinand Lamaze
  • Largest auto companyRenault
  • French Terms
  • Radical inovationAvant garde
  • Dispatch in styleDepeche mode
  • Fatal or dangerous womanFemme Fatale
  • Gambia (Africa’s smallest mainland country)

  • CapitalBanjul
  • Gabon

  • CapitalLibreville
  • Georgia

  • CapitalTbilisi
  • President 1995-2003Edvard Shevardnadze
  • MountainsCaucasus
  • ReligionEastern Orthodox
  • SeaBlack Sea
  • Germany

  • CapitalBerlin
  • West German capital Bonn
  • Port and second largest cityHamburg
  • Twin tower cathedral cityCologne
  • Oldest European university cityHeidelberg
  • City destroyed in Allied firestormDresden
  • Home of Wagner music festivalBayreuth
  • Capital of BavariaMunich
  • City known for its bathsBaden Baden
  • German chancellor, 1871-90Otto von Bismarck (The Iron Chancellor)
  • Emperor, 1890-1918Kaiser Wilhelm (William) II
  • President of German Republic, 1925-34Paul von Hindenburg
  • West German chancellor, 1949-63Konrad Adenauer (Der Alte)
  • West German chancellor, 1969-74Willy Brandt (won Nobel Peace Prize, 1971)
  • West German chancellor, 1974-82Helmut Schmidt
  • West German and German chancellor, 1982-98Helmut Kohl
  • German chancellor 1998-2005Gerhard Schröeder
  • German Chancellor 2009Angela Merkel
  • Industrial regionRuhr
  • Former currencyMark (now Euro)
  • Hamburg riverElbe
  • 17th century transcendental philosopherImmanuel Kant
  • 20th century psychologyGestalt (German school)
  • 1930’s actressMarlene Dietrich
  • PhysicistMax Planck
  • German-American physicistAlbert Einstein
  • ChemistRobert Bunsen
  • AstronomerJohannes Kepler
  • PlaywrightBertolt Brecht
  • Weimar school of arts and craftsBauhaus
  • Bauhaus architectWalter Gropius
  • Steel making familyKrupp
  • Baroque composerJohann Sebastian (J. S.) Bach
  • J. S. Bach’s composer sonC. P. E. Bach (most famous of several composer sons)
  • Noble familyHohenzollern
  • Annual Bavarian partyOktoberfest
  • 16th century Reformation leaderMartin Luther
  • 19th century publisherBaedeker
  • AirshipZeppelin
  • Airship, set Atlantic crossing record, 1929Graf Zeppelin
  • Airship, blew up at Lakehurst, NJ, 1937Hindenburg (“Oh, the humanity”)
  • Aspirin manufacturerBayer
  • Harmonica manufacturerHohner
  • German terms:

  • SnoutSnorkel
  • Ghostly doubleDoppelgänger
  • Child prodigyWunderkind
  • PipeMeerschaum
  • CountGraf
  • SongLied
  • SubstituteErsatz
  • DumplingsSpaetzle
  • Ghana (former Gold Coast)

  • CapitalAccra
  • US ambassadorShirley Temple Black
  • UN Secretary-GeneralKofi Annan
  • Great Britain

  • Capital and largest cityLondon
  • Second largest cityBirmingham
  • Major riverThames
  • National anthemGod Save the Queen (King)
  • Port where the Beatles originatedLiverpool
  • Hot springs cityBath
  • Prime minister, 2010-David Cameron
  • Prime minister, 2007-2010Gordon Brown
  • Prime minister, 1997-2007Tony Blair
  • Prime minister, 1990-97John Major
  • Prime minister, 1979-90Margaret Thatcher
  • Major and Thatcher’s partyConservative
  • Prime minister, 1955-57Earl Anthony Eden
  • Prime minister, 1945-51Clement Attlee
  • Prime minister, 1940-45, 1951-55Sir Winston Churchill
  • Prime minister, 1937-40Neville Chamberlain
  • Prime minister, 1916-22David Lloyd George
  • Late 19th prime minister four timesWilliam Gladstone
  • Prime minister, 1874-80Benjamin Disraeli
  • Lord Protector, 1653-58Oliver Cromwell
  • Lord Chancellor, 1618-26 and philosopherFrancis Bacon
  • Rhodes scholars universityOxford
  • Oxford’s rivalCambridge
  • Boys prep school, founded by Henry VI in 1440Eton
  • Private residence of British monarchsBalmoral Castle
  • Home of British monarchsBuckingham Palace
  • Palace that burned, 1997Windsor Castle
  • Prince and Princess of Wales’ homeKensington Palace
  • Royal seaside resortBrighton
  • Foreign ambassador’s residenceSt. James Court
  • London church where monarchs are crownedWestminster Abby
  • Westminster Abby cemeteryPoets’ Corner
  • London baroque cathedral (burned 1666)St. Paul Cathedral
  • London square with Lord Nelson’s statueTrafalgar Square
  • London area with statue of ErosPiccadilly Circus
  • London wax museumMadame Tussaud’s
  • London museum with the Rosetta StoneBritish Museum
  • London park known for its oratorsHyde Park
  • London insane asylumBethlam (where the word bedlam comes from)
  • Conquest of 1066Norman Conquest
  • Battle ending the Norman ConquestBattle of Hastings
  • Tapestry depicting Norman ConquestBayeux Tapestry
  • King who signed the Magna Carta, 1215King John
  • Place where Magna Carta was signedRunnymede
  • Ancient astronomical stone relicStonehenge
  • Stonehenge plainSalisbury
  • Man murdered in Canterbury CathedralThomas Beckett
  • 13th century scholar and alchemistRoger Bacon
  • 1381 John Bull and Wat Tyler tax revoltPeasant’s Revolt
  • 1455-85 warWar of the Roses
  • Opponents in the War of the RosesRed vs White (York vs Lancaster)
  • Battle ending War of the RosesBattle of Bosworth Field
  • Place where British fleet defeated NapoleonTrafalgar
  • Admiral at Trafalgar, lost a leg and an eye in battleLord Horatio Nelson
  • Lord Nelson’s loverEmma Hamilton
  • British ambassador to Turkey, 1799-1803 Lord Thomas Elgin (Elgin Marbles)
  • Commander defeated at Khartoum, 1884Charles (Chinese) Gordon
  • Explorer who translated Arabian NightsSir Richard Burton
  • Explorer who discovered Lake VictoriaJohn Speke
  • Man who found David LivingstoneHenry Morton Stanley
  • Conqueror of India, 1755-56 Robert Clive (of Plassey)
  • Surveyor General of India, 1830-41Sir George Everest
  • Female in Parliament, 1919-45Lady Nancy Astor
  • Capital of British IndiaCalcutta
  • British cavalry troops of IndiaBengal Lancers
  • British dungeon in IndiaBlack Hole of Calcutta
  • Mau Mau rebellion countryKenya
  • Declaration for a Jewish homeland, 1917Balfour Declaration
  • 17th century diarist Samuel Pepys
  • 17th century poet and dramatistJohn Dryden
  • 17th century philosopherJohn Locke
  • 18th century pottery makerJosiah Wedgewood
  • 18th century furniture makerThomas Chippendale
  • 19th century philosopher and mathematicianBertrand Russell
  • 19th century anatomistHenry Grey (Grey’s Anatomy)
  • EngraverWilliam Hogarth
  • Romance novelistBarbara Cartland
  • Jockey and mystery writerDick Francis
  • Female mystery writerAgatha Christi
  • Landscape painterJohn Constable
  • Constable’s rivalWilliam Turner
  • HistorianKenneth Clark
  • PlaywrightHarold Pinter
  • News serviceReuters
  • Insurance AgencyLloyd’s of London
  • Encyclopedia, debuting in 1768Encyclopedia Britannica
  • BarristerLawyer
  • Nanny’s formal nameGoverness
  • Travel agency founder, 1828Thomas Cook
  • British West PointSandhurst
  • British envoy held hostage in LebanonTerry Waite
  • British ballerinaDame Margo Fonteyn
  • British-American soccer starDavid Beckam
  • British terms, a
  • ChipsFrench Fries
  • BangersSausages
  • NappyDiaper
  • DraughtsCheckers
  • LiftElevator
  • AubergineEggplant
  • CanteenCafeteria
  • TorchFlashlight
  • BracesSuspenders
  • LiftElevator
  • TorchFlashlight
  • BootTrunk (auto)
  • SilencerMuffler (auto)
  • BonnetHood (auto)
  • ColoniesBelize (British Honduras), Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Guyana, India, Hong Kong, Singapore, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Bahamas, British West Indies (Turks & Caicos), Falkland Islands, United States
  • Greece

  • Capital and largest cityAthens
  • Second largest cityThessalonica
  • Largest portPiraeus
  • Prime Minister 1975-89Georgios Papandreou
  • Last kingConstantine II
  • Former currencyDrachma (now Euro)
  • ReligionEastern (Greek) Orthodox
  • PeninsulaPeloponnesus
  • Oracle siteDelphi
  • Athens fortified hilltopAcropolis
  • Acropolis’ landmarkParthenon
  • Largest islandCrete
  • Ancient Crete capitalKnossos
  • Ancient king of CreteMinos
  • Second largest islandEuboea
  • Sappho’s islandLesbos
  • Tallest mountainOlympus
  • PlainMarathon
  • Mountain passThermopylae
  • Philosopher poisoned by hemlockSocrates
  • Philosopher and Academy founderPlato
  • Philosopher, taught Alexander the GreatAristotle
  • Theorem mathematicianPythagoras
  • First actorThespis
  • He had a sword hanging over his headDamocles
  • Physician, doctor’s oath named for himHippocrates
  • Follower of HippocratesGalen
  • He sought an honest manDiogenes
  • Mathematician, founder of hydrostaticsArchimedes
  • Shipping magnateAristotle Onassis
  • Greek-American tennis playerPete Sampras
  • Greek-American opera singerMaria Callas
  • LiquorOuzo
  • DrinkMastika
  • Sandwich with meat in tzatziki sauce on pita breadGyro
  • Phyllo dough filled with honey, walnuts and pistachiosBaklava
  • Greek words:

  • TreasureThesaurus
  • Ten wordsDecalogue
  • RainbowIris
  • Single letterMonogram
  • WerewolfLycanthrope
  • RugFlokati
  • Love of manPhilanthropy
  • Love of treesPhilodendron
  • To sell aloneMonopoly
  • The massesHoi polloi
  • People ruleDemocracy
  • Without painAnalgesic
  • Prefixes:
  • GeoEarth
  • MonoOne
  • OmniAll
  • QuasiIn some sense or degree
  • ParaApproximately
  • PhiloLove of
  • ProtoFirst
  • PseudoFalse
  • Grenada

  • CapitalSt. George’s
  • Guatemala

  • CapitalGuatemala City
  • CurrencyQuetzal
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • Guinea-Bissau

  • CapitalBissau
  • Guyana

  • CapitalGeorgetown


Countries of the World H-I

  • Haiti

  • CapitalPort-au-Prince
  • IslandHispaniola
  • LanguagesFrench, Creole
  • President, 1806-20Henri Christophe
  • President, 1957-71Francois Duvalier (“Papa Doc”)
  • President, 1971-86Jean-Claude Duvalier (“Baby Doc”)
  • President, 1991-96, 2001-04Jean-Bertram Aristide (exiled for a time in the US)
  • Honduras (The Banana Republic)

  • CapitalTegucigalpa
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • LanguageSpanish
  • IslandRoatan
  • Northern Indians and pyramid buildersMayans
  • Coastal IndiansMesquita
  • Hungary

  • CapitalBudapest
  • LanguageMagyar
  • Patron saintSt
  • Year of anti-communist revolt1956
  • Leader of 1956 revoltImre Nagy
  • 19th century composerFranz Liszt
  • 20th century composerBela Bartok
  • Tennis playerIlie Nastase
  • Hungarian-American actress-sistersMagda, Zsa Zsa and Eva Gabor
  • Iceland (originally part of Denmark, over 100 active volcanoes)

  • CapitalReykjavik
  • CurrencyKrona
  • Major source of energyGeothermal
  • Major religionLutheranism
  • 12th to 13th century literatureEdda
  • India (Independent from Britain since 1947)

  • CapitalNew Delhi
  • Largest city and financial centerMumbai (Bombay)
  • Second largest cityDelhi
  • Movie making district of MumbaiBollywood
  • CurrencyRupee
  • Divisional system of societyCaste system
  • Agra ShrineTaj Mahal
  • Taj Mahal builderShah Jahan
  • Prophet of nonviolenceMahatma Gandhi
  • Gandhi’s successorJawaharlal Nehru
  • Female prime minister, 1980-84Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter)
  • Prime minister, 1984-88Rajiv Gandhi (Indira’s son)
  • Wheel of LawDharma Chakra
  • GuitarSitar
  • Sitar playerRavi Shankar
  • AuthorSalmon Rhushdi
  • Indian-American conductorZubin Mehta
  • Clarified butterGhee
  • SpiceCurry
  • Spided teaChai
  • Site of 1984 Union Carbide disasterBhopal
  • Gandhi’s “Children of God”Untouchables
  • Vivian Leigh’s birthplace and tea centerDarjeeling
  • Former Portuguese colonyGoa
  • Indonesia

  • Capital and largest cityJakarta
  • Jakarta’s IslandJava
  • Other main islandsSumatra, Borneo, New Guinea
  • Resort islandBali
  • Island fighting for independence East Timor
  • Volcanic island, erupted in 1883Krakatoa
  • Leader forced to resign, 1998 Suharto
  • Suharto’s predecessorSukarno
  • Iran (formerly Persia)

  • CapitalTeheran
  • Shah of Iran, 1941-79Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
  • Revolutionary government head, 1979-89Ayatollah Khomeini
  • President, 1989-1997Akbar Rafsanjani
  • President, 1997-2005Mohammad Khatami
  • President, 2005-2013Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • President, 2013-Hasan Rowhani
  • CurrencyRial
  • PoliceSavak
  • Persian prophet, 6th century BCZoroaster
  • Persian poetOmar Khayyam
  • Persian empire founder, 548 BCCyrus the Great
  • Persian defeated at Marathon, 490 BCDarius I
  • Darius’ son, defeated by Greeks, 480 BCXerxes
  • Iraq

  • CapitalBaghdad
  • President, 1979-2006Saddam Hussein
  • Prime minister, 2006-Nouri Al-Malike
  • CurrencyDinar
  • Northern minority groupKurds
  • Ireland (The Emerald Isle)

  • Capital and largest cityDublin
  • Second largest cityCork
  • Third largest cityLimerick
  • Glass works cityWaterford
  • LanguageGaelic
  • AccentBrogue
  • Patron saintSt. Patrick
  • Dublin collegeTrinity
  • CastleBlarney Castle
  • Kissing stoneBlarney Stone
  • LakesLakes of Killarney
  • BrewerGuiness
  • Province with cycle of storiesUlster
  • “Little Clover”Shamrock (what St. used to describe the Trinity)
  • Dublin theater and companyAbbey Theater
  • Moaning spiritBanshee
  • ConventSisters of Mercy
  • Physicist and chemistRobert Boyle (Boyle’s law)
  • 8th century book of gospelsBook of Kells
  • 1848-49 disasterPotato famine
  • Rebellion against British rule, 1916Easter Uprising
  • Hunger strikerBobby Sands
  • Writer and poetJames Joyce
  • Female writerMaeve Binchy
  • Dramatist and Abbey Theater directorJohn Millington Synge
  • PlaywrightSean O’Casey
  • Poet who won Nobel Prize for LiteratureWilliam Butler Yeats
  • Olympic swimmer, 1996Michele Smith
  • Irish-American miners“Molly Maguires”
  • Walking stickShillelagh
  • Israel

  • CapitalJerusalem
  • Former capital and largest cityTel Aviv
  • First prime ministerDavid Ben-Gurion
  • Prime Minister, 2001-2006Ariel Sharon
  • Prime minister, 1999-2001Ehud Barak
  • Prime minister, 1996-1999, 2009-Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Prime minister, 1974-77, 1992-95 Yitzhak Rabin (Nobel Peace Prize, 1994)
  • Prime minister, 1977-83Menachem Begin ( Nobel Peace Prize, 1987)
  • Prime minister, 1984-86, 1995-96Shimon Peres
  • Foreign minister who wore an eye patchMoshe Dayan
  • CurrencyShekel
  • ParliamentKnesset
  • Jerusalem gateJaffa Gate
  • Intelligence agencyMassad
  • DesertNegev
  • Salty lakeDead Sea
  • RiverJordan
  • Collective farmKibbutz
  • Group that created IsraelZionists
  • Italy

  • Capital and largest cityRome (Roma)
  • Second largest, capital of Lombardy Milan (Milano)
  • Capital of Piedmont regionTurin (Turino)
  • The Jewel of the AdriaticVenice (Venezia)
  • Capital of Tuscany regionFlorence (Firenze)
  • Prime Minister, 2001-06, 2008-11Silvio Berlusconi
  • Former prime minister kidnapped and murdered, 1978Aldo Moro
  • Northeast Adriatic portTrieste
  • Galileo’s birthplacePisa
  • Columbus’ birthplaceGenoa
  • Violin manufacturing centerCremona
  • ReligionRoman Catholic
  • CurrencyEuro (formerly the Lire)
  • Longest riverPo
  • Caesar’s riverRubicon
  • Largest lakeLake Garda
  • Naples islandCapri
  • Capri caveBlue Grotto
  • Largest islandSicily
  • Sicily capitalPalermo
  • Sicily volcanoEtna
  • Second largest islandSardinia
  • Mainland volcanoVesuvius
  • Cities Vesuvius buriedPompeii and Herculaneum
  • Central mountainsApennines
  • North central mountainsDomolites
  • Countries within its bordersVatican City and San Marino
  • Infamous patron of the artsLucretia Borgia
  • Revolutionary Red Shirts leaderGuiseppe Garibaldi
  • PhysicistEnrico Fermi
  • EducatorMaria Montessori
  • Tenor from ModenaLuciano Pavarotti
  • Electrostatics and animal physiology pioneerLuigi Galvani
  • Opera conductorArturo Toscanini
  • Violin virtuosoNiccolo Paganini
  • Rome riverTiber
  • Rome underground cemeteries Catacombs
  • Rome ancient arenaColosseum
  • Rome steps leading to Villa BurgheseSpanish Steps
  • Rome fountainTrevi Fountain
  • Milan ruling familySforza
  • Milan opera houseLa Scala
  • Florence ruling familyMedici
  • Florence riverArno
  • Florence fountainFountain of Neptune
  • Florence art galleryUffizi Gallery
  • Florence palace used as an art galleryPitti Palace
  • Venetian artistTitian
  • Venetian composerAntonio Vivaldi
  • Venetian leaderDoge
  • Venetian travelerMarco Polo
  • Venetian landmark bridgeThe Rialto
  • Venetian bridge to the gallowsThe Bridge of Sighs
  • Venetian canalGrand Canal
  • Turin auto makerFiat
  • Turin veil of controversy Shroud of Turin
  • Comedy of MasksCommedia dell’ Arte
  • Bell towerCampanile


Countries of the World J-M

  • Jamaica (third largest Caribbean island)

  • CapitalKingston
  • Resort cityMontego Bay
  • City of “eight rivers”Ocho Rios
  • MountainsBlue Mountains
  • Reggae artistBob Marley
  • World’s fastest man Usain Bolt
  • Famous winter olympiansJamaican Bobsled Team
  • Japan

  • CapitalTokyo
  • Ancient CapitalKyoto
  • Largest portYokohama
  • Largest islandHonshu
  • Northernmost main islandHokkaido
  • Southernmost main islandKyushu
  • Kyushu portNagasaki
  • Sea between Japan, Russia and the Korean PeninsulaSea of Japan
  • ParliamentDiet
  • CurrencyYen
  • EmperorAkihito (125th Emperor)
  • Akihito’s fatherHirohito
  • Primary religionShinto
  • TemplePagoda
  • Sacred mountainMt Fuji
  • Ancient ceremonyTea ceremony
  • FlowerChrysanthemum
  • Female professional entertainerGeisha
  • ConductorSeiji Ozawa
  • DirectorAkira Kurosawa
  • DramasNoh dramas
  • Drama theaterKabuki
  • Tokyo upscale shopping areaGinza
  • Crime groupYakuza
  • “Precision” watch makerSeiko
  • Film makerFuji
  • First pocket radio makerSony
  • Art of paper foldingOrigami
  • Art of flower arrangingIkebana
  • Art of dwarf tree growingBonsai
  • MassageShiatsu
  • Self defenseJudo
  • Weaponless martal artJujitsu
  • Sword fightingKendo
  • WrestlingSumo
  • GrillHibachi
  • Green liquorMidori
  • LuteSamisen
  • Floor matTatami
  • MafiaYakuza
  • Ornamental fishKoi
  • Poison fishFugu
  • Three-line poemHaiku
  • Number of syllables in haiku17
  • Hokkaido aboriginesAinu
  • High speed trainBullet train
  • Powerful businessmanTycoon
  • Added to a name for respectSan
  • Act of ceremonial suicide Hara-Kiri
  • 9th to 16th century military dictatorsShoguns
  • Warrior knightsSamurai
  • Nuclear power plant damaged in 2011Fukushima
  • Terms:
  • Thank youDomo arigato
  • Divine windKamikaze
  • Empty handKarate
  • Exalted gateMikado
  • Long life (10,000 years)Bonzai
  • Jordan

  • CapitalAmman (former Philadelphia)
  • Former nameTransjordan
  • King, 1999-King Abdul Hussein
  • King, 1953-99King Hussein I (Abdul’s father)
  • King Hussein’s wifeQueen Noor (American born)
  • Historical and archaeological sitePetra
  • Kazakhstan (world’s largest landlocked country)

  • CapitalAstana
  • CurrencyRuble
  • Space portBalkanor Cosmodrome (leased by Russia)
  • Kenya

  • CapitalNairobi
  • Independence leaderJomo Kenyatta
  • President, 1978-2002Daniel Arap Moi
  • CurrencyShilling
  • LanguagesSwahili and English
  • Native tribeMasai
  • Game reserveMasai Mara
  • Tallest mountainMt. Kenya
  • Kuwait

  • CapitalKuwait City
  • Laos

  • CapitalVientiane
  • ReligionBuddhism
  • Border riverMekong
  • Ethnic groupHmong
  • Latvia

  • CapitalRiga
  • SeaBaltic Sea
  • Lebanon

  • CapitalBeirut
  • ValleyBekaa Valley
  • TreeCedar (on their flag, used in building Solomon’s temple)
  • Group of militant Shiite MuslimsHezbollah
  • Liberia

  • CapitalMonrovia (named after U.S. president James Monroe)
  • Late dictatorCharles Taylor
  • Libya

  • CapitalTripoli
  • Dictator, 1969-2011Muammar Gaddafi
  • GulfGulf of Sidra
  • Liechtenstein

  • CapitalVaduz
  • Lithuania

  • CapitalVilnius
  • SeaBaltic Sea
  • Luxembourg

  • CapitalLuxembourg
  • Grand DukeJohn
  • Grand DuchessCarlotta
  • Major religionCatholicism
  • Macedonia (formerly part of Yugoslavia)

  • CapitalSkopje
  • Madagascar (former Malagasy Republic)

  • CapitalAntananarivo
  • PrimateLemur
  • Malaysia

  • CapitalKuala Lumpur
  • IslandBorneo
  • PeninsulaMalay Peninsula
  • Mali

  • Capital Bamako
  • RiverNiger
  • Ancient trading centerTimbuktu
  • Malta

  • CapitalValletta
  • Official languageEnglish
  • KnightsKnights of St
  • Martinique (owned by France)

  • CapitalFort de France
  • Dormant volcanoMt
  • City destroyed by Pelee, 1902St. Pierre
  • Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos [The United States of Mexico])

  • Capital and largest cityMexico City
  • Number of states31
  • Leader during Mexican-American warSanta Anna (one leg missing)
  • Austrian archduke, ruled 1864-67Maximilian
  • Maximilian’s Belgian wifeGrand Duchess Carlotta
  • Man who overthrew MaximilianBenito Juarez
  • President who overthrew Juarez, 1887Porfirio Diaz
  • Leader of Mexican revolution, 1910-14Emilio Zapata
  • President 1988-94Carlos Salinas
  • President, 1994-2000Ernesto Zedillo
  • President, 2000-2006 Jefe Vincente Fox
  • President, 2006-12Felipe Calderon
  • Pyramid-building Indians, central MexicoAztecs
  • Pyramid-building Indians, YucatanMayans
  • Aztec conquerorHernando Cortez (Marquis del Valle de Oaxaca)
  • Aztec godQuetzalcoatl
  • Stone carving IndiansOlmecs
  • State and breed of dog was namedChihuahua
  • Caribbean peninsulaYucatan
  • Pacific peninsulaBaja California
  • Atlantic gulfGulf of Mexico
  • Pacific gulfGulf of California (Sea of Cortez)
  • Yucatan resortCancun
  • Island off of YucatanCozumel
  • Southern state with insurgencyChiapas
  • Spicy state north of the YucatanTobasco
  • Christmas processionPeseta
  • Candy-filled toyPiñata
  • Artist-MuralistDiego Rivera
  • Diego Rivera’s wife and artistFreda Khalo
  • Mexican-American male golferLee Trevino
  • Mexican-American female golferNancy Lopez
  • Late Mexican-American singerSelena (Perez)
  • Monaco

  • CapitalMonaco-Ville
  • Principal incomeGambling
  • Gambling cityMonte Carlo
  • Current royalty Prince Rainier
  • Rainier’s childrenPrincesses Caroline and Stephanie, Prince Albert
  • Prince Rainier’s spousePrincess Grace (Kelly)
  • Royal houseGrimaldi
  • CurrencyMonegasque Franc
  • He broke the bank at Monte CarloCharles Wells
  • Mongolia

  • CapitalUlan Bator
  • DesertGobi
  • RodentGerbil
  • Morocco

  • CapitalRabat
  • Port and largest cityCasablanca
  • Well known citiesFez, Marrakesh
  • King who died in 1999King Hassan II
  • King Hassan II’s successor King Sedi Mohammed
  • North African dish of semolinaCouscous
  • Mozambique

  • CapitalMaputo
  • Myanmar (former Burma)

  • CapitalYangon (former Rangoon)
  • United Nations secretary generalU Thant
  • Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1996Aung San Suu Kyi
  • ReligionBuddhism
  • RiverIrrawaddy
  • BayBay of Bengal


Countries of the World N-R

  • Namibia

  • CapitalWindhoek
  • DesertNamib
  • Nepal

  • CapitalKathmandu
  • Wild oxYak
  • “Lost man” of Himalayas Yeti (Abominable Snowman)
  • Netherlands, The

  • Seat of governmentThe Hague
  • Capital and largest cityAmsterdam
  • PortRotterdam
  • Pottery making cityDelft
  • Treaty cityMaastricht
  • Former currencyGuilder (now Euro)
  • Royal houseOrange
  • Current QueenBeatrix
  • Beatrix’ motherJuliana
  • Juliana’s motherWilhelmina
  • Priest and humanist, 1466-1536Erasmus
  • ArtistsPiet Mondrian, Jan Vameer, Rembrandt
  • ArchitectMies Van der Rohe
  • ExplorerAbel Tasman
  • Oil companyRoyal Dutch Shell Oil
  • Area drained for farmlandZuider Zee,Colonies Ceylon, Cape Colony,Indonesia, New York (New Amsterdam),St. Maarten, Surinam, Aruba
  • New Zealand

  • CapitalWellington
  • Former capitalChristchurch
  • CurrencyDollar
  • MountainsSouthern Alps
  • IslandsNorth Island, South Island
  • Minor islandChatham Island
  • StraitCook Strait
  • ExplorerSir Edmond Hillary
  • BirdKiwi
  • Extinct birdMoa
  • Indigenous peopleMaori
  • Operatic sopranoKiri te Kanawa
  • Nicaragua

  • CapitalManagua
  • LakesLake Nicaragua, Lake Managua
  • Dictator ousted in 1979Anastasio Somoza
  • Communist rebelsSandinistas
  • Rebel leader and presidentDaniel Ortega
  • Rebels against Sandinista governmentContras
  • Female president, 1990-97Violeta Chamorro
  • Nigeria

  • CapitalAbuja
  • Former capital and largest cityLagos
  • Breakaway republicBiafra
  • North Korea

  • CapitalPyongyang
  • Head of government, 1948-94Kim Il-Sung
  • Head of government, 1994-2011Kim Jong Il
  • Head of government, 2011-Kim Jong Un
  • U.S. ship captured in 1968 Pueblo
  • Northern Ireland (part of the United Kingdom)

  • CapitalBelfast
  • Northern portLondonderry
  • ActorLiam Neeson
  • Norway

  • Capital and largest cityOslo (former Christiana)
  • Second largest cityBergen
  • CurrencyKröne
  • IslandSpitsbergen
  • Betrayer of NorwayVidkun Quisling
  • Peer Gynt ComposerEdvard Grieg
  • Peer Gynt PlaywrightHeinrich Ibsen
  • ExplorerRoald Amundsen
  • Chess PlayerMagnus Carlson
  • Screaming ArtistEdvard Munch
  • ActressLiv Ullman
  • Olympic figure skaterSonja Henie
  • EthnologistThor Heyerdahl
  • Royal namesHaakon, Harold
  • Pakistan

  • CapitalIslamabad
  • Former capital, largest city and portKarachi
  • CurrencyRupee
  • President, 1977-88Ul-Haq Zia
  • Prime minister, 1988-90, 1993-96Benazir Bhutto (assassinated 2007)
  • President, 001-2008Perez Musharraf
  • President, 2008Asif Ali Zardari
  • Northern disputed territoryKashmir
  • Panama (originally part of Columbia)

  • CapitalPanama City
  • CurrencyBalboa
  • Former general and strongman Manuel Noriega
  • Papua New Guinea

  • CapitalPort Moresby
  • Paraguay (landlocked in South America)

  • CapitalAsuncion
  • Peru (South America’s western most country)

  • CapitalLima
  • President, 1992-Alberto Fujimori
  • IndiansIncas
  • Incan dialectKetchua
  • Incan city in AndesMacchu Picchu
  • Philippines, The

  • Capital and largest cityManila
  • Former capitalQuezon City
  • CurrencyPeso
  • Largest islandLuzon
  • Luzon peninsula (WWII battle site)Bataan
  • Manila Bay islandCorregidor
  • Largest religious groupRoman Catholic
  • Second largest religious groupIslam
  • Territorial governor, 1901William Howard Taft
  • Deposed presidentFerdinand Marcos
  • Marcos’ wife, known for shoe collectionImelda
  • Exiled and assassinated activistBenigno (Ninoy) Aquino
  • Female President, 1986-92Corazon Aquino
  • Former U.S airbaseClark
  • Former U.S navy baseSubic Bay
  • VolcanoMt. Pinatubo
  • Poland

  • Capital and largest cityWarsaw
  • Former capitalKrakow (home of John Paul II)
  • PortGdansk (a.k.a. Danzig)
  • CurrencyZloty
  • RiverVistula
  • Gdansk shipyardLenin shipyard
  • UnionSolidarity
  • Union leader and president, 1990-95Lech Walesa (won Nobel PeacePrize)
  • Composer and pianistFrédéric Chopin
  • AstronomerNicolaus Copernicus
  • Pianist and Prime Minister, 1919Ignace Paderewski
  • Polish-English novelistJoseph Conrad
  • DancePolonaise
  • Portugal

  • CapitalLisbon
  • CurrencyEscudo
  • RiverTagus
  • Atlantic island groupAzores
  • Dictator, 1932-68António Salazar
  • Instructor to future explorersPrince Henry the Navigator
  • Royal namesAlfonso, Pedro
  • WinePort
  • Wine valleyDouro
  • Former coloniesAngola, Goa, Macau (returned to China in 1998),Indonesia, Formosa (Taiwan), Brazil, Cape Verde,Mozambique,Uruguay
  • Romania (former Moldavia)

  • CapitalBucharest
  • MountainsTransylvanian Alps (Carpathians)
  • SculptorConstantin Brancusi
  • Nomadic peopleGypsies
  • Mad kingLudwig II
  • RoyaltyCarol I, Carol II
  • Dictator deposed in 1989Nikolae Ceausescu
  • GymnastNadia Comaneci
  • Gymnastics coachBela Karolyi
  • Russia (Europe’s most populous and largest country)

  • Capital and largest cityMoscow (home to world’s busiest subway)
  • Largest portSt. Petersburg (former Leningrad)
  • CurrencyRuble
  • CoinKopeck
  • Flag colorsRed, white and blue
  • Longest riverVolga (longest in Europe)
  • Moscow citadelKremlin
  • St. Petersburg riveNeva
  • Siberian lakeLake Baikal (world’s deepest lake)
  • Former newspaperPravda (truth)
  • News agencyTass
  • Breakaway republicChechnya
  • World’s longest railroadTrans-Siberian Railroad
  • Trans-Siberian Railroad terminalsMoscow to Vladivostok
  • Father of Soviet H-bombAndrei Sakharov
  • PoetAleksandr Pushkin
  • DramatistNikolai Gogol
  • Exiled authorAleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Mad monkGrigori Rasputin
  • Lenin’s majorityBolshevik
  • Labor campGulag
  • Jeweled egg makerFabergé
  • Triangular guitarBalalaika
  • Royal familyRomanov
  • “Terrible” tsar, 1547-64Ivan the Terrible
  • “Great” tsar, 1682-1725Peter the Great
  • “Tsarina, built the HermitageCatherine the Great
  • Last Romanov tsar, 1894-1918Nicholas II
  • Interim prime minister, ousted in 1917Alexander Kerensky
  • Exiled Russian executed in Mexico CityLeon Trotsky
  • Soviet dictator, 1918-24 Vladimir Lenin
  • Soviet dictator, 1929-53Josef Stalin
  • Soviet premier, 1953-64Nikita Khrushchev
  • Soviet premier, 1964-82Leonid Brezhnev
  • Soviet premier, 1982-84Yuri Andropov
  • Soviet premier, 1984-85Constantine Chernenko
  • Soviet premier, 1985-91Mikhail Gorbachev (Nobel Peace Prize, 1990)
  • Russian president, 1991-1999Boris Yeltsin
  • Russian president, 1999-Vladimir Putin
  • Nobel Peace Prize winner, 1975Andrei Sakharov
  • Rwanda

  • CapitalKigali
  • Majority tribeHutu
  • Minority tribeTutsi


Countries of the World S-T

    • Samoa (formerly Western Samoa)

    • Capital and largest cityApia
    • San Marino (The Serene Republic, found entirely within the borders of Italy)

    • Saudi Arabia (largest country in middle east, world’s largest oil producer)

    • Capital