Astronomy&SpaceGST

GST Cover-2015a

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Valentina Tereshkova

Who was the first woman in space?

ANS: VALENTINA TERESHKOVA

Curiosity

What NASA probe landed on Mars in 2012?

ANS: CURIOSITY

Enterprise

What is the name of the first Space Shuttle, used for atmospheric tests only?

Ans: ENTERPRISE

Crab Nebula

What is the “sea creature” name of a supernova explosion that was visible on Earth in the year 1054?

ANS: CRAB NEBULA

Lovell_James182

WhO WAS THE COMMANDER OF THE ILL-FATED APOLLO 13 MISSION?

ANS: JAMES LOVELL

Eagle Lander

What is the name of the Apollo 11 landing module?

Olympus Mons

What is the name of the largest known volcano in the solar system?

cassini_saturn

What NASA probe has been orbiting Saturn since 2004?


Planets & Their Moons

. Mercury: The smallest planet
• Closest to the sun; no moons
• Orbital period: 88 days

. Venus: The “greenhouse effect” planet
• No moons
• Probes: Venera (Russian)
• Orbital period: 225 days

. Earth: The only planet not named after a mythological figure
• One moon, walked on by twelve astronauts from the Apollo program
• Lunar probe: Surveyor

. Mars: The red planet
• Moons: Phobos (largest) and Demos (fear and dread)
• Rovers: Pathfinder, Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity
• Volcano: Olympus Mons (largest known volcano in the solar system)
• Orbital period: 1.9 years

. Jupiter: The largest planet; larger than all others put together
• Distinguishing feature: a great red spot (a huge storm bigger than Earth)
• Galilean moons: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede (largest moon in the solar system)
• Jupiter has many other smaller moons
• Probes: Voyager I & II, Galileo
• Orbital period: 12 years

. Saturn: The ringed planet
• Moons: Titan (moon with mysterious atmosphere) and many others
• Probes: Voyager I & II, Cassini
• Orbital period: 29 years

. Uranus:
• Moons: Titania, Oberon, Umbriel, Ariel, Miranda, and others (Thirteen of Uranus’ moons are named after Shakespearian characters).
• Probe: Voyager II
• Discoverer: William Herschel, 1781
• Orbital period: 84 years

. Neptune: The Blue Planet
• Moons: Triton, Nereid and others.
• Distinguishing feature: the great blue spot
• Probe: Voyager II
• Discoverer: Johann Galle, 1856
• Orbital period: 165 years

. Pluto: (Declassified from planet to dwarf planet in 2006)
• Moons: Charon
• Discoverer: Clyde Taumbaugh (on calculations from Percival Lowell, the “PL” in Pluto)
• Orbital period: 248 years


Other Astronomy Facts

  • Early 20th century American astronomerEdwin Hubble
  • American female astronomerMaria Mitchell
  • Danish astronomerTycho Brahe
  • English astronomer royal Sir Edmund Halley
  • English astronomer familyHerschel
  • French astronomer familyCassini
  • German astronomerJohannes Kepler
  • Greek astronomer (2nd century)Ptolemy
  • Italian astronomerGalileo (Galilei)
  • Polish astronomerCopernicus
  • First dog in spaceLaika (Russian German Shepard)
  • First man in spaceYuri Gagarin
  • Yuri Gagarin’s capsuleVostok
  • First woman in spaceValentina Tereshkova
  • First space walkAlexei Leonov
  • First American in space (suborbital)Alan Shepard
  • Second American in space (suborbital)Gus Grissom
  • Third American in space (three orbits)John Glenn
  • First American woman in spaceSally Ride
  • First American to walk in spaceEdward White
  • First American woman to walk in spaceKathryn Sullivan
  • American female who has longest duration in spaceShannon Lucid
  • First man to walk on the moonNeil Armstrong
  • Second man to walk on the moonBuzz Aldrin
  • Apollo 13 commanderJames Lovell
  • Oldest U.S. astronaut, launched in 1998John Glenn (77 yrs. old)
  • Man who played golf on the moonAlan Shepard
  • First space shuttle crewYoung and Crippen
  • First female space shuttle commanderEileen Collins
  • First satellite, 1957Sputnik
  • First U.S. satelliteExplorer I
  • First weather satelliteTiros
  • First communications satelliteEcho I
  • First telecommunications satelliteTelstar
  • USA’s first space stationSkylab
  • Russian space station (“Peace” in Russian)MIR
  • Current space stationISS (International Space Station)
  • The sun’s visible surfacePhotosphere
  • The sun’s “halo”Corona
  • The sun’s “breeze”Solar wind

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For much more Astronomy & Space facts see Game Show Trivia.tv, now in its 5th edition